HO'ONANI

This book is a powerful way to dive into study of how hula is a form of oral story telling passed down by Hawaiians as well as understand diversity of gender expression. Ho‘onani: Hula Warrior is based on a true story of a young child who dreams of leading the boys-only hula troupe at her school. Ho'onani feels that she is in-between. She doesn’t see herself as wahine (girl) or kāne (boy). But not everyone agrees that she should identify as, "in-between." This text can help students explore what it means to build a truly inclusive community where everyone has a sense of belonging. We can appreciate our diverse, multiple identities while also recognizing that we are each unique and complex individuals.
-Dena

Social Justice Activities:

  1. What does it mean to show, “every person the same unconditional acceptance and respect?” Compare and contrast examples from the text.

  2. Evaluate the character traits of Kumu Hina. What are her leadership qualities? How do those qualities lead to an inclusive environment?

  3. Explore the balance between appreciating identity and recognizing that it is a social construct and that our multiple identities make us unique and do not define us.

  4. Create a classroom pact that includes speaking up with courage and respect when they or someone else has been hurt or wronged by bias.

  5. Study the historical significance of hula and how ancient Hawaiians documented their history through this art form.

Relevant Social Justice Standards:

Identity 2. Students will develop language and historical and cultural knowledge that affirm and accurately describe their membership in multiple identity groups.

Identity 3. Students will recognize that people’s multiple identities interact and create unique and complex individuals.

Identity 5. Students will recognize traits of the dominant culture, their home culture and other cultures and understand how they negotiate their own identity in multiple spaces.


Diversity 8. Students will respectfully express curiosity about the history and lived experiences of others and will exchange ideas and beliefs in an open-minded way.

Diversity 9. Students will respond to diversity by building empathy, respect, understanding and connection.

Diversity 10. Students will examine diversity in social, cultural, political and historical contexts rather than in ways that are superficial or oversimplified.


Justice 11. Students will recognize stereotypes and relate to people as individuals rather than representatives of groups.

Reading Strategies:

Character Analysis: Analyze Kumu Hina's character traits. How do they make her an effective leader? How do Ho'onani's sister's feelings change along the plot of the story?

Speaking & Listening: Study what the word "Aloha" means. Discuss how your classroom community can express Aloha with one another. Use this text to discuss ways that support student skills in valuing diversity and inclusion.

Mythology/Legends: evaluate how hula was a way for Hawaiians to document oral history and includes storytelling similar to written mythology and legends.

Book Details:
  • Fiction, All Ages
  • Perspectives: Hawaiian, Gender Identity
  • Based off the documentary: A Place in The Middle
  • Subject Integration: Dance, Music, Ancient Traditions of Hawai'i

Book covers images are from publishers and in the public domain